Manual Chapter : Common elements for Routes tasks

Applies To:

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BIG-IP DNS

  • 14.1.0, 14.0.0

BIG-IP AFM

  • 14.1.0, 14.0.0

BIG-IP Analytics

  • 14.1.0, 14.0.0

BIG-IP PEM

  • 14.1.0, 14.0.0

BIG-IP ASM

  • 14.1.0, 14.0.0

BIG-IP AAM

  • 14.1.0, 14.0.0

BIG-IP APM

  • 14.1.0, 14.0.0

BIG-IP LTM

  • 14.1.0, 14.0.0
Manual Chapter

Common elements for Routes tasks

  1. On the Main tab, click
    Network
    Routes
    .
  2. On the Main tab, click
    Network
    Routes
    .
    The Routes screen opens.
  3. Click
    Add
    .
    The New Route screen opens.
  4. In the
    Name
    field, type
    Default Gateway Route
    .
  5. In the
    Name
    field, type
    default
    .
  6. In the
    Name
    field, type a unique name.
  7. In the
    Name
    field, type a unique user name.
    This name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters, including an IP address.
  8. From the
    Type
    list, select
    Route
    .
  9. From the
    Type
    list, select
    Default IPv4 Gateway
    .
  10. From the
    Route Domain ID
    list, select a route domain ID.
  11. In the
    Description
    field, type a description for this route entry.
  12. In the
    Destination
    field, type either the destination IP address for the route, or IP address
    0.0.0.0
    for the default route.
    This address can represent either a host or a network. Also, if you are using the route domains and the relevant route domain is the partition default route domain, you do not need to append a route domain ID to this address.
  13. In the
    Destination
    field, type the IP address
    0.0.0.0
    .
    An IP address of
    0.0.0.0
    in this field indicates that the destination is a default route.
  14. In the
    Destination
    field, type the destination IP address for the route.
  15. In the
    Destination
    field, type the network of the destination server.
    In our example, this address is
    10.1.1.0
    .
  16. In the
    Destination
    field, type the 6rd IPv6 network address.
  17. In the
    Netmask
    field, type
    0.0.0.0
    , the network mask for the default route.
  18. In the
    Netmask
    field, type the network mask for the destination IP address.
  19. From the
    Resource
    list, specify the method through which the system forwards packets:
    Use Gateway
    Select this option when you want the next hop in the route to be a network IP address. This choice works well when the destination is a pool member on the same internal network as this gateway address.
    Use Pool
    Select this option when you want the next hop in the route to be a pool of routers instead of a single next-hop router. If you select this option, verify that you have created a pool on the BIG-IP system, with the routers as pool members.
    Use VLAN/Tunnel
    Select this option when you want the next hop in the route to be a VLAN or tunnel. This option works well when the destination address you specify in the routing entry is a network address. Selecting a VLAN/tunnel name as the resource implies that the specified network is directly connected to the BIG-IP system. In this case, the BIG-IP system can find the destination host simply by sending an ARP request to the hosts in the specified VLAN, thereby obtaining the destination host’s MAC address.
    Reject
    Select this option when you want the BIG-IP system to reject packets sent to the specified destination.
  20. From the
    Resource
    list, select
    Use VLAN/Tunnel
    .
  21. From the
    Resource
    list, select
    Use Gateway
    .
    The gateway represents a next-hop or last-hop address in the route.
  22. For the
    Gateway Address
    setting, select
    IP Address
    and type an IP address.
  23. For the
    Gateway Address
    setting, select
    IPv6 Link-Local Address
    and type an IP address.
    The system prepends the typed entry with the required string
    FE80:
    .
  24. From the
    Resource
    list, select
    Use Pool
    .
    A pool represents a pool of routers through which the packets flow to reach the specified destination.
  25. From the
    Resource
    list, select
    Use Pool
    .
  26. From the
    Resource
    list, select
    Use Pool
    and then select the name of the default gateway pool.
  27. From the
    Resource
    list, select
    Use Pool
    and then select the name of the default gateway pool.
    For this example, select
    gw_pool
    from the list.
  28. From the
    Pool
    list, select a pool name.
  29. From the
    Pool
    list, select the default gateway pool.
  30. From the
    Pool
    list, select
    default_gateway_pool
    .
  31. From the
    Resource
    list, select
    Use VLAN/Tunnel
    .
    A VLAN represents the VLAN through which the packets flow to reach the specified destination.
  32. Select
    external
    from the
    VLAN/Tunnel
    list.
  33. From the
    Resource
    list, select
    Use Gateway
  34. From the
    Gateway Address
    list, select
    IP Address
    , and then type the IP address of default gateway.
  35. From the
    Gateway Address
    list, select
    IP Address
    , and then type the external address of the ECMP-enabled upstream router,
    20.1.1.4
    .
  36. From the
    VLAN/Tunnel
    list, select a VLAN name.
  37. From the
    VLAN/Tunnel
    list, select a tunnel name.
  38. From the
    VLAN/Tunnel
    list, select the name of the v6rd tunnel you created.
  39. From the
    Resource
    list, select
    Reject
    .
  40. Click
    Finished
    .
  41. In the
    MTU
    field, specify in bytes a maximum transmission unit (MTU) for this route.
  42. On the Main tab, click
    Local Traffic
    Virtual Servers
    .
    The Virtual Server List screen displays a list of existing virtual servers.
  43. On the menu bar, click
    Virtual Address List
    .
  44. Click the name of the virtual server you want to configure.
  45. For the
    Advertise Route
    setting, select an option:
    • When any virtual server is available
    • When all virtual server(s) are available
    • Always
  46. Click
    Update
    .
  47. On the Main tab, click
    Network
    Route Domains
    .
    The Route Domains list screen opens.
  48. In the Name column, click the name of the relevant route domain.
  49. Click
    Update
    .
    The system displays the list of route domains on the BIG-IP system.
  50. For the
    Dynamic Routing Protocols
    setting, from the
    Available
    list, select
    BFD
    and move it to the
    Enabled
    list.
    When you enable BFD, the BIG-IP system starts one BFD session for the route domain, and this session supports the BGP4, IS-IS, and OSPFv2 protocols.
  51. For the
    Dynamic Routing Protocols
    setting, from the
    Available
    list, select
    PIM
    and move it to the
    Enabled
    list.
    When you enable PIM, the BIG-IP system starts one PIM session for the route domain, and this session supports the IGMPv3 for IPv4 and MLDv2 for IPv6 protocols.
  52. For the
    Dynamic Routing Protocols
    setting, from the
    Available
    list, select a protocol name and move it to the
    Enabled
    list.
    You can enable any number of listed protocols for this route domain.
    When you enable BFD, the BIG-IP system starts one BFD session for the route domain, and this session supports the BGP4, IS-IS, and OSPFv2 protocols only.
  53. For the
    Dynamic Routing Protocols
    setting, from the
    Enabled
    list, select a protocol name and move it to the
    Available
    list.
    You can disable any number of listed protocols for this route domain.
  54. Open a console window, or an SSH session using the management port, on a BIG-IP system.
  55. Use your user credentials to log in to the system.
  56. At the command prompt, type
    tmsh
    .
    This opens the
    tmsh
    shell.
  57. Type this command:
    run /util imish
    -r
    ID
    .
    The
    ID
    variable represents the route domain ID.
    This command invokes the IMI shell.
  58. Type
    enable
    .
  59. Type
    configure terminal
    .
  60. Type
    router bgp
    as-number
    .
  61. Type this command:
    bgp max-paths (
    ebgp
    |
    ibgp
    |)
    2-64