Manual Chapter : What disk size tasks should I perform before an upgrade?

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BIG-IQ Centralized Management

  • 7.0.0
Manual Chapter

What disk size tasks should I perform before an upgrade?

Before you upgrade a BIG-IQ® system you should make sure of a couple things about the virtual disk on which your BIG-IQ system resides, so that all goes as planned when you upgrade your software.

Questions to ask before you upgrade

Do you have enough disk space on the BIG-IQ VE to install the BIG-IQ software?
Before you create new slots and size them appropriately, you need to check whether there is sufficient physical disk space on the VE.
How big are the volumes needed by the software you want to install?
F5 has created a script that reads the size requirements from the software image you plan to install.
How big are the volumes on your current BIG-IQ installation?
You need to know the volume sizes for your current installation. If any of the volumes have been extended, you must likewise extend the volumes on the installation slot before you upgrade. Otherwise, the install process can result in loss of data.
Do you have an open slot to install the software on?
Before you can install new software, you need an open slot.

Download disk size tools

F5 has created several scripts that are useful if you need to resize your disk volumes as part of the upgrade process. On a BIG-IQ® system or DCD with version 5.4.0 installed, these scripts are available in the
/usr/bin
folder. Because this folder is already in your path definition, you can use these scripts directly. To use these scripts with BIG-IQ systems or DCDs running versions prior to version 5.4.0, you must first download them.
  1. Log in to
    downloads.f5.com
    .
  2. Navigate to BIG-IQ Centralized Management, v5.4.0, and click
    I Accept
    to accept the EULA.
  3. Click
    F5_Networks_Disk_Size_Tools.zip
    .
    After a brief pause, the Download Locations screen opens.
  4. Click a download location to start the download.
  5. When the download completes, unzip the file.
    Three files will extract to the folder you designate:
    • addvol
    • imageplan
    • resizevol
Before you can run these scripts, you need to copy them to the device you are resizing.

Check the amount of free disk space on your BIG-IQ VE

You need to check that there is sufficient physical disk space on the BIG-IQ VE so that you can create new volumes and size them appropriately.
  1. Use SSH to log in to your DCD as
    root
    .
  2. Use the
    pvs
    command to check how much disk space is available for new slots and volumes.
    [root@bigiq-console-test-large:Active:Standalone] ~ #
    pvs
    PV VG Fmt Attr PSize PFree /dev/sda3 vg-db-sda lvm2 a-- 498.50g 446.82g
    The command response tells you how much free disk space is available.
    This device has 446 Gigs of free disk space. That would be more than sufficient for a standard version 5.4 install (30G +5G + 5G + 10G = 50G).
    However, you also must consider how much space your current installation uses. If you have extended the size of the volumes for your current installation, you must consider that as well.
If the amount of disk space available is less than the amount you need so that you can install your software, you must increase the free space before you can proceed. Refer to the hypervisor vendor documentation for the workflow to increase the amount of available disk space on your VE.

How do I get BIG-IQ to email me if disk space is low?

To get an email if the BIG-IQ® VE runs low on disk space, you complete three tasks:
  • Specify an SMTP server to send email alerts.
  • Set up email addresses for low disk space alerts.
  • Set up a low disk space alert.

Specify an SMTP server to send email alerts

You specify an SMTP server so F5 BIG-IQ® Centralized Management can send email to alert specified people when a certain condition happens, such as when an SSL certificate is about to expire.
  1. At the top of the screen, click
    System
    .
  2. On the left, click
    SMTP Configuration
    .
  3. On the SMTP Configuration screen, if there is no mail server set up, click the
    Add
    button.
  4. In the
    Name
    field, type a name for this SMTP configuration.
  5. In the
    SMTP Server Host
    and
    SMTP Server Port
    fields, type the SMTP server and TCP port.
    By default, SMTP uses TCP 25.
  6. In the
    From Email Address
    field, type the email address from which to send the alert email.
  7. From the
    Encryption
    list, select the type of encryption to use for the email.
  8. To require a user name and password, from the
    Use Auth
    list, select
    Yes
    , and type the required user name and password.
  9. To verify that you can reach the server you configured, click the
    Test Connection
    button.
  10. Click the
    Save & Close
    button.
You can now specify email recipients and set up the alert conditions that prompt BIG-IQ to send an email when a certain event happens on a managed device.

Set up email addresses for low disk space alerts

Before you can set up the BIG-IQ® to email alerts, you need to have set up an SMTP mail server.
You can add a list of email recipients to which BIG-IQ sends notifications for low disk space alerts.
  1. At the top of the screen, click
    System
    .
  2. On the left, click
    THIS DEVICE
    Email Notification Recipients
    .
  3. Near the top of the screen, click the
    Create
    button.
  4. In the
    Name
    and
    Email Address
    fields, type the name and email address of the person you want to receive the low disk space alert.
  5. In the
    Description
    field, you can type an optional description to help identify this user.
  6. Select the check box next
    System Alerts
    .
  7. To add another email recipient, click
    +
    .
  8. Click the
    Save & Close
    button at the bottom of the screen to save your changes.

Set up a low disk space alert

You can set up an alert that sends an email to notify you when disk space on the BIG-IQ® VE is low.
  1. At the top of the screen, click
    Monitoring
    .
  2. On the left, click
    ALERTS & NOTIFICATIONS.
  3. At the top of the screen, click the
    Settings
    button.
  4. If the device you are managing is a BIG-IQ, under Disk Usage Alert Conditions, select
    Enabled
    next to the
    BIG-IQ Used disk space is above threshold for a device
    alert, then specify the
    Threshold
    at which you want to be notified.
  5. If the device you are managing is a BIG-IQ, under Disk Usage Alert Conditions, select
    Enabled
    next to the
    Used disk space is above threshold for a DCD
    alert, then specify the
    Threshold
    at which you want to be notified.
  6. Click the
    Save & Close
    button.

Check the amount of free disk space on your BIG-IQ VE

You need to check that there is sufficient physical disk space on the BIG-IQ VE so that you can create new volumes and size them appropriately.
  1. Use SSH to log in to your DCD as
    root
    .
  2. Use the
    pvs
    command to check how much disk space is available for new slots and volumes.
    [root@bigiq-console-test-large:Active:Standalone] ~ #
    pvs
    PV VG Fmt Attr PSize PFree /dev/sda3 vg-db-sda lvm2 a-- 498.50g 446.82g
    The command response tells you how much free disk space is available.
    This device has 446 Gigs of free disk space. That would be more than sufficient for a standard version 5.4 install (30G +5G + 5G + 10G = 50G).
    However, you also must consider how much space your current installation uses. If you have extended the size of the volumes for your current installation, you must consider that as well.
If the amount of disk space available is less than the amount you need so that you can install your software, you must increase the free space before you can proceed. Refer to the hypervisor vendor documentation for the workflow to increase the amount of available disk space on your VE.

Check the volume sizes required by the software you want to install

Before you check the required volume sizes using the
imageplan
script, you need to:
  • Confirm that the
    imageplan
    script is on the device you plan to update. On a BIG-IQ® system or DCD with version 5.4.0 installed, these scripts are available in the
    /usr/bin
    folder. Because this folder is already in your path definition, you can use these scripts directly. To use these scripts with BIG-IQ systems or DCDs running versions prior to version 5.4.0, you must first download them. For details on downloading this script, refer to
    Downloading disk size tools
    on
    support.f5.com
    .
  • Download the software that you plan to install.
When you upgrade a BIG-IQ VE, you need to know the volume sizes required by the software you plan to install. F5 has created a script that reads the size requirements from the software image you plan to install. Use this script so you can be confident that your VE volume sizes are sufficient before you upgrade your BIG-IQ software.
  1. Use SSH to log in to the device you are going to upgrade as root.
  2. Copy the software image to the
    /shared/images
    folder on the BIG-IQ system you plan to upgrade.
    #
    cp <big-iq-software-image>.iso /shared/images/<big-iq-software-image>.iso
  3. Run the
    imageplan
    script on the software image to determine the file system sizes required.
    #
    ./imageplan /shared/images/<big-iq-software-image>.iso
    product BIG-IQ version 5.3.0 build 0.0.1119 (BIGIQ530) selected Standard plan Mount point: /, Size: 450000k Mount point: /usr, Size: 3450000k Mount point: /config, Size: 3320000k Mount point: /var, Size: 10485760k Tiny plan Mount point: /, Size: 450000k Mount point: /usr, Size: 3450000k Mount point: /config, Size: 500000k Mount point: /var, Size: 10485760k
Now you know the size requirements for the image you plan to install, but the slot you upgrade to must have volumes that are at least as big as those on the slot that your software is currently installed on. This is especially significant if you decided to extend one of the volumes on your current installation. So if your
/var
volume is extended to 30G, you must have at least that much space on the new slot before you install software. So the next thing you need to do is check the size of your existing installation.

Check the volume sizes on your current BIG-IQ installation

When you upgrade a BIG-IQ® VE, you need to know the volume sizes for your current installation, because if any of the volumes have been extended, you must extend the volumes on the installation slot before you upgrade. Otherwise, the install process can result in loss of data. To check the volume sizes of the existing BIG-IQ installation, you can use a
tmsh
command.
  1. Use SSH to log in (as
    root
    ) to the device you plan to upgrade.
  2. Use the
    tmsh
    command
    show sys software
    to check the volume sizes of the existing installation.
    [root@bigiq-test:Active:Standalone] config #
    tmsh show sys software
    ---------------------------------------------------- Sys::Software Status Volume Product Version Build Active Status ---------------------------------------------------- HD1.1 BIG-IQ 5.2.0 0.0.5567 yes complete [root@bigiq-test:Active:Standalone] config # lvs --unit=k LV VG Attr LSize Pool Origin Data% Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert dat.log.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 7168000.00k dat.maint.1 vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 307200.00k dat.share.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 10240000.00k dat.swapvol.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 1048576.00k set.1._config vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 503808.00k set.1._usr vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 3452928.00k set.1._var vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 31457280.00k set.1.root vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 450560.00k
    The system response shows you the volume sizes of your current installation. The key volumes with their sizes are listed below:
    • /config
      (.5G)
    • /usr
      (3.5G)
    • /var
      (30G)
    • /root
      (.5G)
The slot you upgrade to must have volumes that are at least as big as those on the slot where your software is currently installed. This is especially significant if you decided to extend one of the volumes on your current installation. So if your
/var
volume is extended to 30G, you must have at least that much space available on the new slot, before you install software.

Create correctly sized volumes on the new installation slot

Before you can use this workflow to create new installation volumes, you need the
addvol
script on the BIG-IQ device you want to create the volumes on.
  • On a BIG-IQ system or Data Collection Device with version 5.4.0 installed, these scripts are available in the
    /usr/bin
    folder. Because this folder is already in your path definition, you can use these scripts directly.
  • To use these scripts with BIG-IQ systems or DCDs running versions prior to version 5.4.0, you must first download them. For details on downloading this script, refer to
    Downloading disk size tools
    on
    support.f5.com
    .
If you are planning to upgrade a BIG-IQ VE, you can use the
addvol
script to create new volumes on the BIG-IQ VE that are sized correctly for the version you plan to install.
  1. Download the image file that you plan to install from
    downloads.f5.com
    .
  2. Use SSH to log in (as
    root
    ) to the device you plan to upgrade, and copy the image file to the
    /shared/images
    folder.
  3. Use the
    addvol
    script to create the file systems defined in the image plan for the software you plan to install.
    The script creates the correctly sized volume, but does not install any software. In this example, the image file for BIG-IQ version 5.3.0 is used.
    #
    ./addvol HD1.2 /shared/images/BIG-IQ-5.3.0.0.0.1119.iso
    create volume HD1.2 for image /shared/images/BIG-IQ-5.3.0.0.0.1119.iso product BIG-IQ version 5.3.0 build 0.0.1119 (BIGIQ530) selected Creating new location sda, 2... info: zero sblock for member device; /dev/vg-db-sda/set.2.root info: zero sblock for member device; /dev/vg-db-sda/set.2._usr info: zero sblock for member device; /dev/vg-db-sda/set.2._config info: zero sblock for member device; /dev/vg-db-sda/set.2._var [root@bigiq-test:Active:Standalone] ~ # lvs --unit=k LV VG Attr LSize Pool Origin Data% Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert dat.log.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 7168000.00k dat.maint.1 vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 307200.00k dat.share.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 10240000.00k dat.swapvol.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 1048576.00k set.1._config vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 503808.00k set.1._usr vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 3452928.00k set.1._var vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 30003200.00k set.1.root vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 450560.00k set.2._config vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 3321856.00k set.2._usr vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 3452928.00k set.2._var vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 10485760.00k set.2.root vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 450560.00k
    The script reads the image plan and creates new volumes for
    /config
    ,
    /usr
    ,
    /var
    , and
    /root
    based on the requirements defined in the plan.

Increase the size of a disk volume

Before you can increase the size of the disk volumes on your BIG-IQ ®VE:
  • You need the
    resizevol
    script on the BIG-IQ VE on which you want to increase the size of the disk volumes.
    • On a BIG-IQ system or DCD with version 5.4.0 installed, these scripts are available in the
      /usr/bin
      folder. Because this folder is already in your path definition, you can use these scripts directly.
    • To use these scripts with BIG-IQ systems or DCDs running versions prior to version 5.4.0, you must first download them. For details on downloading this script, refer to
      Downloading disk size tools
      on
      support.f5.com
      .
  • You need to know the volume names that you want to extend and the size that you want to extend them to.
If you need to increase the volume size of a disk volume on your installation slot so that you can install without losing any data, you can use the
resizevol
script.
  1. Use SSH to log in to your DCD as root.
  2. Use SSH to log in (as
    root
    ) to the device you plan to upgrade.
  3. Use the
    resizevol
    script to increase the size of the volumes for the new installation slot to the required size.
    The volume sizes required depend on these two factors:
    • The volume sizes required by the software you want to install. For details, see
      Check the volume sizes required by the software you want to install
      on
      support.f5.com
      .
    • The volume sizes your current installation uses. For details, see
      Check the volume sizes on your current BIG-IQ installation
      on
      support.f5.com
      .
    Here is an example of the
    resizevol
    script being used to resize the
    /var
    volume to 30 GB.
    #
    ./resizevol /var 30000000
    Requested size 30000000k is less than current size 30003200.00k on /dev/vg-db-sda/set.1._var, skipping Resizing logical volumes. OK (y/n)? y Requested size 30000000k is less than current size 30003200.00k, skipping e2fsck 1.41.12 (17-May-2010) Pass 1: Checking inodes, blocks, and sizes Pass 2: Checking directory structure Pass 3: Checking directory connectivity Pass 4: Checking reference counts Pass 5: Checking group summary information set.2./var: 11/655360 files (0.0% non-contiguous), 79696/2621440 blocks Rounding size to boundary between physical extents: 28.61 GiB Extending logical volume set.2._var to 28.61 GiB Logical volume set.2._var successfully resized resize2fs 1.41.12 (17-May-2010) Resizing the filesystem on /dev/vg-db-sda/set.2._var to 7500800 (4k) blocks. The filesystem on /dev/vg-db-sda/set.2._var is now 7500800 blocks long. # lvs --unit=k LV VG Attr LSize Pool Origin Data% Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert dat.log.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 7168000.00k dat.maint.1 vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 307200.00k dat.share.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 10240000.00k dat.swapvol.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 1048576.00k set.1._config vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 503808.00k set.1._usr vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 3452928.00k set.1._var vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 30003200.00k set.1.root vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 450560.00k set.2._config vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 3321856.00k set.2._usr vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 3452928.00k set.2._var vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 30003200.00k set.2.root vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 450560.00k
    The script extends the size of the volume you specify (
    /var
    in this example) to be the size you want (30GB in this example).
Now that the volumes are correctly sized, you can proceed with the installation.

Check to see if you have an open slot to install the software on

In order to install new software, you need an open slot. You can use a
bash
command to determine whether your BIG-IQ ® VE has any open slots.
  1. Use SSH to log in, as
    root
    , to the device you are upgrading.
  2. Use the
    lvs
    command to determine how many slots there are on your BIG-IQ VE.
    #
    lvs --unit=k
    LV VG Attr LSize Pool Origin Data% Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert dat.log.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 8388608.00k dat.maint.1 vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 307200.00k dat.share.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 33554432.00k dat.swapvol.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 1048576.00k set.1._config vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 503808.00k set.1._usr vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 3452928.00k set.1._var vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 10485760.00k set.1.root vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 450560.00k set.2._config vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 3481600.00k set.2._usr vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 3584000.00k set.2._var vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 16003072.00k set.2.root vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 512000.00k set.3._config vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 3321856.00k set.3._usr vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 3452928.00k set.3._var vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 10485760.00k set.3.root vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 450560.00k
    Each instance of
    set.n
    represents a slot on the VE. So in this example, the VE has three installation slots (set.1, set.2, and set.3).
If the BIG-IQ VE has only one slot, then you need to add an new slot when you install the upgrade.

Install BIG-IQ to a new slot

Before you can install a BIG-IQ ® device to a new slot, you must have:
  • Downloaded the software image from
    F5.downloads.com
    .
  • Correctly sized the volumes on the slot you plan to install the new version on.
On a BIG-IQ system or DCD with version 5.4.0 installed, you can use the user interface to add a new volume as part of the upgrade process,With BIG-IQ systems or DCDs running versions prior to version 5.4.0, you can upgrade BIG-IQ using a
tmsh
command. The process performs these steps:
  • Creates a UCS backup from the current system and saves it in the
    /shared
    folder.
  • Installs a new BIG-IQ image on a new slot.
  • When the new image is installed on the new slot, it copies that data was saved in
    /shared
    into the new database running on the new slot.
  1. Use SSH to log in to your BIG-IQ as root.
  2. Use the
    tmsh
    install
    command to upgrade your software.
    The following example uses the create-volume parameter so the process creates a new slot and then begins installing the software on it.
    # tmsh install sys software image BIG-IQ-5.3.0.0.0.1119.iso create-volume volume HD1.2
    The process upgrades your BIG-IQ system and restores the data from the current version.
  3. After the installation is complete, you can use the
    tmsh
    show sys software
    command to check to see that the upgrade was successful and that the
    /var
    file system is the correct size (30M).
    # tmsh show sys software ---------------------------------------------------- Sys::Software Status Volume Product Version Build Active Status ---------------------------------------------------- HD1.1 BIG-IQ 5.2.0 0.0.5567 yes complete HD1.2 BIG-IQ 5.3.0 0.0.1119 no complete # lvs --unit=k LV VG Attr LSize Pool Origin Data% Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert dat.log.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 7168000.00k dat.maint.1 vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 307200.00k dat.share.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 10240000.00k dat.swapvol.1 vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 1048576.00k set.1._config vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 503808.00k set.1._usr vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 3452928.00k set.1._var vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 30003200.00k set.1.root vg-db-sda -wi-ao--- 450560.00k set.2._config vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 3321856.00k set.2._usr vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 3452928.00k set.2._var vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 30003200.00k set.2.root vg-db-sda -wi-a---- 450560.00k