Applies To:Show Versions
BIG-IQ Centralized Management
- 5.1.0, 5.0.0, 4.6.0
About VE EC2 deployment
To deploy the BIG-IQ® Virtual Edition (VE) system on EC2, you perform these tasks:
- Verify the host machine requirements.
- Deploy a BIG-IQ® system as a virtual machine.
- Deploy a BIG-IP® system.
- After you have deployed the virtual machines, log in to the BIG-IQ VE system and run the Setup utility. Using the Setup utility, you perform basic network configuration tasks, such as assigning VLANs to interfaces.
- Configure secure communication between the BIG-IQ system and the BIG-IP device.
Task summary for BIG-IQ VE EC2 deployment
To deploy BIG-IQ® Cloud you perform a series of tasks using Amazon Web Services (AWS) to create an elastic compute cloud (EC2) that runs a public cloud virtual machine management service.
When you complete these tasks, your cloud environment will be similar to the basic cloud topology depicted here.
Basic Cloud Topology
Creating an Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) user account
An Amazon Identity and Access Management (IAM) user account provides access to specific Amazon Web Services (AWS) resources. Creating an IAM account provides you with more granular control of the AWS resources your users access.
For this task, you must create a group and two IAM user accounts. For the most current instructions for performing these steps, refer to the IAM documentation web site, http://aws.amazon.com/documentation/iam/.
- From https://console.aws.amazon.com/iam, create a group with aws-full-access (Administrator Access).
- Create an AWS-Admin user and add that user to the aws-full-access group.
Create a BIG-IQ Connector user and add that user to the
For this user, you must download or copy an access key that you use to connect BIG-IQ Cloud to your AWS account
From the AWS dashboard, set up an account alias.
Note the IAM user login link. For example, https://my-account-alias.signin.aws.amazon.com/console
- Log out of the AWS dashboard as the root user.
- Navigate back to the user login link and sign in as the AWS-Admin user.
Creating a key pair
To create a virtual private cloud (VPC) on which you can deploy the BIG-IQ® system, you need a (private-public encryption) key pair to authenticate your sessions. Key pairs are reusable, so if you have a key pair, you do not need to repeat this task.
Creating a Virtual Private Cloud
You need an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) to deploy the BIG-IQ® Cloud system, because AWS provides only multiple network interface card (NIC) support for instances that reside within a VPC.
You create a virtual network topology according to your networking needs. The standard network topology used for BIG-IQ Cloud integration includes three subnets. These subnets provide virtual private address spaces used to interconnect your machines and applications. You can use elastic self IP addresses for public internet accessibility.
For the most current instructions for creating a VPC, refer to the VPC Documentation web site, http://aws.amazon.com/documentation/vpc/.
Navigate to https://console.aws.amazon.com/vpc and select
the AWS Region in which you want to manage resources.
For example, Oregon.
- From the VPC Wizard's VPC with Public and Private Subnets option, set the IP CIDR Block to 10.0.0.0/16.
Set the public subnet to 10.0.0.0/24.
This is the management network.
Select an availability zone.
For example, us-west-2c. It is crucial that you use this availability zone throughout the configuration process. Objects configured in one zone are not visible within other zones, so they cannot function together. This availability zone is required when you create a BIG-IQ Cloud connection.
Set the private subnet to 10.0.1.0/24.
This is the external data network.
Create subnet 10.0.2.0/24.
This is the internal network.
Create a security group named, allow-all-traffic, and
associate it with the VPC you created.
You must use this exact name.
- Set the Inbound Rules ALL Traffic Source to 0.0.0.0/0.
- Set the Outbound Rules ALL Traffic Destination to 0.0.0.0/0.
- Create a Route Table for the external data network to reach the Internet.
Add a route to Destination 0.0.0.0/0 through Target
<xxxx> is the Internet Gateway that the VPC Wizard created automatically.
- Allocate two Elastic IP Addresses.
Adding an additional subnet
When you create a VPC, Amazon Web Services creates two subnets for it. The first subnet is the management subnet (10.0.0.0/24) and the second subnet is external (10.0.1.0/24). Many network topologies require three or more subnets (Management, External, and Internal). You can use this task to create an internal subnet (10.0.2.0/24).
- a Management subnet on 10.0.0.0/24
- an External subnet on 10.0.1.0/24
- an Internal subnet on 10.0.2.0/24
Creating new security groups
To use your virtual private cloud (VPC) to deploy your virtual machine, the VPC needs two security groups; each with its own set of rules that govern the security behavior for the traffic that routes through it. The table details the rules required for each group to function properly.
|Group Name||Group Description||Rule Name||Source||Rule Type|
|allow-only-ssh-https-ping||Allow only SSH HTTPS or PING||Inbound SSH||0.0.0.0/0|
|Inbound Custom ICMP||0.0.0.0/0||Echo Request|
|Outbound Custom ICMP||0.0.0.0/0||Echo Request|
|Outbound Custom ICMP||0.0.0.0/0||Echo Reply|
|allow-all-traffic||Allow all traffic||Inbound All Traffic||0.0.0.0/0|
|Outbound All Traffic||0.0.0.0/0|
Create two security groups, one named allow-only-ssh-https-ping
and the other named allow-all traffic.
Tip: For the most current instructions for creating security groups, refer to the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) Documentation web site http://aws.amazon.com/documentation/vpc/.Important: The allow-all-traffic security group is critically important for successful operation of the BIG-IP® VE on Amazon EC2.
For each security group, create the rules described in the preceding table. For
each rule, define the Group Description, Rule Name, Source, and Rule Type as
shown in the table.
Important: No punctuation is permitted in the text of the Group Description that you type in.
It is a good idea to test connectivity before proceeding. You should be able to communicate with your VPC NAT server at this point.
F5 Networks recommends enhancing your security by using the security group source fields to restrict the subnets to allow only management access; however, we recognize that this does not complete your security solution. For enhanced security, you might want to deploy a topology with limited management network access.
Adding a route for external subnet accessibility
Most network topologies require an Amazon Web Services route to the virtual private cloud (VPC) that makes the external subnet used by the virtual machine accessible to the Internet.
- From the Services tab at the top of the Amazon Web Services Management Console screen, select VPC.
In the navigation pane, select Route Tables.
The Route Tables screen opens.
- Select the routing table with one subnet.
- Click the Associations tab at the bottom of the window.
- From the Select a subnet list, select the 10.0.1.0/24 subnet.
The Associate Route Table popup screen opens.
- Click Yes, Associate.
Launching a virtual server with an Amazon Machine Image (AMI)
You launch an EC2 Amazon Machine Image (AMI) so that you can deploy the virtual machine.
- Log in to your account on Amazon Web Services (AWS) marketplace.
In the Search AWS Marketplace bar, type F5 BIG-IQ and
then click GO.
The F5 BIG-IQ Virtual Edition for AWS option is displayed.
Click F5 BIG-IQ Virtual Edition for AWS and then click
Tip: You might want to take a moment here to browse the pricing details to confirm that the region in which you created your security key pair provides the resources you require. If you determine that the resources you need are provided in a region other than the one in which you created your key pair, create a new key pair in the correct region before proceeding.The Launch on EC2 page is displayed.
Click the Launch with EC2 Console tab.
Important: At the time this was written, the virtual machine must be launched in a VPC so that NICs can be attached. This configuration is supported from the Launch with EC2 Console option, but not the 1-Click Launch option.Launching Options for your EC2 AMI are displayed.
Select the software version appropriate for your installation, and then click
the Launch with EC2 button that corresponds to the Region
that provides the resources you plan to use.
Important: The first time you perform this task, you need to accept the terms of the end user license agreement before you can proceed, so the Launch with EC2 button reads Accept Terms and Launch with EC2.Important: There are a number factors that determine which region will best suit your requirements. Refer to Amazon user documentation for additional detail. Bear in mind that the region you choose must match the region in which you created your security key pair.The Request Instances Wizard opens.
- Select an Instance Type appropriate for your use.
- From the Launch Instances list, select EC2-VPC.
From the Subnet list, select the
10.0.0.0/24 subnet and click
The Advanced Instance Options view of the wizard opens.
- From the Number of Network Interfaces list, select 2.
Click the horizontal eth1 tab to set values for the
second network interface adapter, and then from the
Subnet list, select the
10.0.1.0/24 subnet and click
The Storage Device Configuration view of the wizard opens.
In the Value field, type in an intuitive name that
identifies this AMI and click CONTINUE (for example,
BIG-IQ VE <version>).
The Create Key Pair view of the wizard opens.
From Your existing Key Pairs, select the key pair you
created for this AMI and click CONTINUE.
The Configure Firewall view of the wizard opens.
Under Choose one or more of your existing Security Groups, select the
allow-all-traffic security group, and then click
The Review view of the wizard opens.
Confirm that all settings are correct, and then click
The Launch Instance Wizard displays a message to let you know your instance is launching.
- Click Close.
Adding a third network interface
When you first create a virtual private cloud (VPC), there are typically only two network interfaces associated with it. F5 Networks recommends adding a third network interface to the VPC before you use it to deploy the virtual machine.
- From the Services tab at the top of the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Management Console screen, select EC2.
In the navigation pane, select Network
The Network Interfaces screen opens.
Click the Create Network Interface button (at top
The Create Network Interface popup screen opens.
- In the Description field, type Internal 10.0.2.0-24 (or a similarly mnemonic name).
- In the Subnet field, select 10.0.2.0/24.
- From the Security Groups list, select allow-all-traffic.
Click Yes, Create
AWS adds your network interface to the list.
Right-click the new network interface, and then select
The Attach Network Interface popup screen opens.
- From the Instance list, select the VE AMI that you created.
Making the virtual machine management port accessible
The management port for your virtual machine might require accessibility over the Internet. However, there are alternative topologies that do not require exposing the management port to the Internet.
F5 Networks recommends, at a minimum, adding restrictions to your source addresses in the allow-only-ssh-https-ping security group.
Alternatively, you might find the Amazon Web Services EC2 VPN sufficiently effective so that you do not need to associate an Internet-accessible Elastic IP with the management port.
- From the Services tab at the top of the Amazon Web Services Management Console screen, select EC2.
In the navigation pane, select Elastic IPs.
The Addresses screen opens.
Click Allocate New Address.
The Allocate New Address popup screen opens.
- From the EIP used in list, select VPC.
- Click Yes, Allocate.
In the Address column, right-click the newly created Elastic IP and select
Associate from the popup menu.
The Associate Address popup screen opens.
- From the Instance list, select the VE AMI that you created as an EC2 hypervisor.
- From the Private IP Address list, select 10.0.0.0/24 (the Management subnet).
- Click Yes, Associate.
Logging in and setting the Admin password
- Created a key pair
- Created and configured a VPC
- Instantiated and launched a BIG-IQ® Virtual Edition (VE) AMI
- Made the virtual machine management port accessible through the Internet
To maintain security, the first time you log in to your EC2 AMI, you should log in as root, and change the Admin password.
Log in to the new AMI that you just launched.
Use the name of the key pair (.pem file), and the elastic IP address of your EC2 instance. $ ssh -i <username>-aws-keypair.pem root@<elastic IP address of EC2 instance>Tip: You can also use a terminal emulator such as PuTTY to test your connectivity. At publication, PuTTY does not support the extension .pem, so remember that you will also need to convert the key pair .pem file to a .ppk file before you can use it with PuTTY.
At the command prompt, type tmsh modify auth password
Warning: Because this login is visible externally, make sure to use a strong, secure password.The terminal window displays the message: changing password for admin, and then prompts: new password.
Type in your new password and then press Enter.
The terminal window displays the message: confirm password.
- Re-type the new password and then press Enter.
To ensure that the system retains the password change, type tmsh
save sys config, and then press
Important: Without your security key pair, you cannot access this AMI. Once you log in with your key pair, you could create a root password. However, if you decide to do this, choose the root password wisely, bearing in mind that depending on your Security Group policies, this login might provide external SSH access.