Manual Chapter : Settings to configure for an interface for a specific instance

Applies To:

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BIG-IP AAM

  • 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP APM

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP Analytics

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP Link Controller

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP LTM

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP PEM

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP AFM

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP DNS

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP ASM

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0
Manual Chapter

Settings to configure for an interface for a specific instance

Selecting an interface priority

Each interface has an associated priority within a spanning tree instance. The relative values of the interface priorities affect which interfaces the system chooses to carry network traffic. Using the
Interface Priority
setting, you can select the interface's priority in relation to the other interfaces that are members of the spanning tree instance.
Typically, the system is more likely to select interfaces with lower numeric values to carry network traffic. A priority value that you assign to an interface can be in the range of 0 to 240, in increments of 16. Thus, the value you assign to an interface can be 0, 16, 32, 64, and so on, up to 240.
The default priority for an interface is 128, the middle of the valid range.

Specifying path cost

Each interface has an associated path cost within a spanning tree instance. The
path cost
represents the relative cost of sending network traffic through that interface. When calculating the spanning tree, the spanning tree algorithm attempts to minimize the total path cost between each point of the tree and the root bridge. By manipulating the path costs of different interfaces, you can steer traffic toward paths that are either faster, more reliable, more economical, or have all of these qualities.
The value of a path cost can be in the range of 1 to 200,000,000, unless you have legacy STP bridges. In that case, because some legacy implementations support a range of only 1 to 65535, you should use this more restricted range when setting path costs on interfaces.
The default path cost for an interface is based on the maximum speed of the interface rather than the actual speed.
For example, an interface that has a maximum speed of 1000 Mb/s (1 Gb/s), but is currently running at a speed of 10 Mb/s, has a default path cost of 20,000.
Link aggregation does not affect the default path cost. For example, if a trunk has four 1 Gb/s interfaces, the default path cost is 20,000.
For MSTP, you can set two kinds of path costs, external and internal. For STP and RSTP, you can set an external path cost only.
External Path Cost
The
External Path Cost
setting is used to calculate the cost of sending spanning tree traffic through the interface to reach an adjacent spanning tree region. The spanning tree algorithm tries to minimize the total path cost between each point of the tree and the root bridge. The external path cost applies only to those interfaces (and trunks) that are members of instance 0.
Internal Path Cost
The
Internal Path Cost
setting allows you to specify the relative cost of sending spanning tree traffic through the interface to adjacent bridges within a spanning tree region. Note that the internal path cost applies only to bridges that support the MSTP mode. The internal path cost applies to those interfaces (and trunks) that are members of any instance, including instance 0.
To summarize, STP and RSTP use external path costs only, and the costs apply to instance 0 interfaces only. MSTP uses both external and internal path costs, and the internal costs apply to interfaces in all spanning tree instances, including instance 0.