Manual Chapter : VELOS system initial configuration

Applies To:

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F5OS-C

  • 1.3.2, 1.3.1, 1.3.0, 1.2.2, 1.2.1, 1.2.0, 1.1.4, 1.1.3, 1.1.2, 1.1.1, 1.1.0
Manual Chapter

VELOS
system initial configuration

The Setup wizard is available to assist you in setting up basic management networking for the system
controllers
on the
VELOS
system. You can choose to enable DHCP and have your IP address settings configured automatically or disable DHCP and manually configure your IP address settings.
After you have configured network settings using the Setup wizard, you can use the
VELOS
webUI to perform additional configuration of your system, including:
  • Running the Setup wizard
  • Logging in to the
    system controller
    webUI
  • Licensing the system
  • Editing the default chassis partition
  • Creating required VLANs
  • Importing a tenant image
  • Deploying a tenant

Run the VELOS Setup wizard

After the
VELOS
chassis is physically installed and powered on in your data center, you can access the CLI of the system and run the Setup wizard to perform basic configuration. The wizard steps you through configuration of DHCP, DNS, and NTP on the system controllers. With DHCP enabled, management IP addresses are assigned automatically, so you do not need to configure them.
Upon completion, the Setup wizard automatically puts the system into appliance mode, which disables the root account and
bash
access.
  1. Connect to the system using a management console or console server.
    The default baud rate and serial port configuration is 19200/8-N-1.
  2. Log in to the command-line interface (CLI) of the active system controller using an account with admin access.
    The default login credentials are admin/admin. When logging in as admin for the first time, the system prompts you to change the password. This also changes the default password for the root account to match that of the admin account.
    When you log in to the system, you are in user (operational) mode.
  3. Verify that you are logged in to the active controller by checking the system prompt.
    The system prompt includes
    active
    when you are logged in to the active controller, as shown in this example (where
    x
    is either
    1
    or
    2
    , depending on which system controller is active):
    syscon-x-active#
  4. After you change the admin password, log out as the admin user.
    exit
    You run the Setup wizard using the root account, but will need the admin user credentials to commit the configuration changes that you make using the Setup wizard.
    The prompt changes back to the
    login
    prompt.
  5. Log in as the root user using the same password that you selected for the admin user.
    When logging in as root for the first time, the system prompts you to change the password.
    The chassis has completed the boot sequence when this prompt displays.
    [root@controller-x ~]#
  6. Run the Setup wizard.
    velos-setup-wizard
    The interactive Setup wizard displays. As you enter IP addresses during the setup process, the wizard populates those values in the appropriate fields on the screen.
    ___VELOS_SETUP_WIZARD___ DHCP: false IPv4: false prefix: [IPv4] floating: [IPv4] controller-2: [IPv4] controller-1: [IPv4] gateway: [IPv4] IPv6: false prefix: [IPv6] floating: [IPv6] controller-1: [IPv6] controller-2: [IPv6] gateway: [IPv6] DNS: false server: [DNS] port: [DNS] NTP: false server: [NTP] port: [NTP] Would you like to enable DHCP for management IP/DNS configuration? Y/y: Yes N/n: No Q/q: Quit Enter: Submit
  7. When prompted whether you want to enable DHCP, type
    n
    and press Enter.
    If you do want to enable DHCP, type
    y
    , press Enter and then skip to step 10.
  8. When you are prompted to configure IPv4 management networking, type
    y
    and press Enter.
    1. Type the floating management IPv4 address for the system controllers and press Enter.
    2. Type the management IPv4 address for controller-1 and press Enter.
    3. Type the management IPv4 address for controller-2 and press Enter.
    4. Type the IPv4 gateway address and press Enter.
    5. Type the IPv4 prefix length (0-32) and press Enter.
  9. Optionally, you can configure IPv6 management networking. If you choose to do this, when prompted to configure IPv6 management networking, type
    y
    and press Enter. Otherwise, type
    n
    , press Enter and then skip to step 10.
    1. Type the floating management IPv6 address for the system controllers and press Enter.
    2. Type the management IPv6 address for controller-1 and press Enter.
    3. Type the management IPv6 address for controller-2 and press Enter.
    4. Type the IPv6 gateway address and press Enter.
    5. Type the IPv6 prefix length (0-32) and press Enter.
  10. When you are prompted to configure a DNS server, type
    y
    and press Enter.
    1. Type the IPv4 address for your DNS server and press Enter.
    2. Type the port number for your DNS server and press Enter.
      The default value is 53. To use the default, press Enter at the prompt, and the system will use the default value automatically.
  11. When you are prompted to configure an NTP server, type
    y
    and press Enter.
    1. Type the IP address for your NTP server and press Enter.
    2. Type the port number for your NTP server and press Enter.
      The default value is 123. To use the default, press Enter at the prompt, and the system will use the default value automatically.
  12. When you are prompted to commit the configuration, type
    y
    and press Enter.
  13. When you are prompted for a login username, type your admin username and press Enter.
  14. When you are prompted for a login password, type your admin password and press Enter.
    When the configuration commits successfully, these messages display in sequence:
    DHCP...Committed NTP server IPv4 address...Committed Enabling appliance mode...Committed Configuration committed. Appliance mode enabled. Press Enter to exit.
  15. Verify that all networking settings are configured correctly.
    1. Log in using the admin account.
      su admin
    2. Verify that DHCP is enabled.
      In this example, DHCP is confirmed as being enabled:
      syscon-1-active# show running-config system mgmt-ip config dhcp-enabled system mgmt-ip config dhcp-enabled true
    3. Verify that the management port IP addresses are configured.
      In this example, IPv4 addresses are confirmed as being configured:
      syscon-1-active# show system mgmt-ip system mgmt-ip state floating ipv4-address 192.0.2.10 system mgmt-ip state floating ipv6-address :: IPV4 IPV6 PREFIX IPV6 PREFIX IPV6 CONTROLLER IPV4 ADDRESS LENGTH IPV4 GATEWAY ADDRESS LENGTH GATEWAY ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 192.0.2.1 24 192.0.2.254 :: 0 :: 2 192.0.2.2 24 192.0.2.254 :: 0 ::
    4. Verify that a DNS server is configured.
      In this example, two DNS servers are confirmed as being configured:
      syscon-1-active# show system dns ADDRESS ADDRESS PORT ----------------------------- 192.0.2.100 - 53 192.0.2.101 - 53
    5. Verify that an NTP server is configured.
      In this example, an NTP server is confirmed as being configured:
      syscon-1-active# show system ntp servers ASSOCIATION ROOT ROOT POLL ADDRESS ADDRESS PORT VERSION TYPE IBURST PREFER STRATUM DELAY DISPERSION OFFSET INTERVAL -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- pool.ntp.org 192.0.2.123 123 4 SERVER false false 2 70 103 2892 6
The system controllers are now set up. The Setup wizard automatically puts the system into appliance mode which disables the root account and
bash
access. You can disable appliance mode from the CLI or webUI by using an admin account. For more information, see
VELOS Systems: Administration and Configuration
at support.f5.com.
Next, you will continue configuring the system by accessing the webUI using the floating management IP address and applying a license.

Log in to the system controller webUI

Before you can log in to the system controller, you must have completed initial configuration using the Setup wizard from a management console or console server. You use the floating IP address that was specified during initial configuration in this task.
You can now begin to administer the
VELOS
system by logging in to the system controller webUI. Here you can adjust settings, create partitions, and view system status.
  1. From a web browser, log in to the system controller using the floating IP address and the admin account.
    The System Controller Dashboard displays and shows a graphical view of the chassis initially preconfigured with one default chassis partition. The slots for all blades are automatically assigned as members of that partition.
  2. To get contextual online Help, click the button in the upper right.
    Online Help for that particular screen displays.
  3. To get an idea of the available menu items on the left, click on them.
    Different sections in the menu let you manage chassis partitions, networking, system settings, and user authentication and accounts.
When you are done exploring the webUI, continue with initial configuration tasks.

License the system automatically from the system controller webUI

You can license the system automatically from the webUI, as long as the system has Internet access.
  1. Log in to the webUI using an account with admin access.
  2. On the left, click
    SYSTEM SETTINGS
    Licensing
    .
  3. For the
    Base Registration Key
    field, the registration key is auto-populated.
    You can choose to overwrite this field with a new registration key.
  4. For the
    Add-On Keys
    field, the associated add-on keys are auto-populated.
    You can click
    +
    or
    x
    to add or remove additional add-on keys.
    To add add-on keys to a licensed system, type the keys in the
    Add-On Keys
    field and click
    Reactivate
    .
  5. For the
    Activation Method
    , select
    Automatic
    .
  6. Click
    Activate
    .
    The End User License Agreement (EULA) displays.
  7. Click
    Agree
    to accept the EULA, .
The system is now licensed. If a base registration key or add-on key fails to activate, try re-activating the license or contact support.f5.com.

Edit the default chassis partition from the system controller webUI

After you have licensed the system, you can use the system controller webUI to configure the
default
chassis partition, which comes preconfigured on the system with the software already installed on it. The slots for all blades are automatically assigned as members of the default chassis partition, and you can use the default chassis partition to get started.
  1. Log in to the VELOS system controller webUI using an account with admin access.
  2. On the left, click
    CHASSIS PARTITIONS
    .
    The Chassis Partitions screen displays where you can see a graphical view of the VELOS chassis and see that the default chassis partition is already set up with all slots associated with it.
  3. Click the check box next to the default chassis partition.
  4. Click
    Edit
    .
  5. To configure IPv4 addresses, in the IPv4 section:
    1. For
      IP Address
      , type the IP address of the chassis partition.
    2. For
      Prefix Length
      , type a number from 1-32 for the length of the prefix.
    3. For
      Gateway
      , type the IP address of the gateway.
  6. To configure IPv6 addresses, in the IPv6 address section:
    1. For
      IP Address
      , type the IP address of the chassis partition.
    2. For
      Prefix Length
      , type a number from 1-32 for the length of the prefix.
    3. For
      Gateway
      , type the IP address of the gateway.
  7. For
    Partition Image
    , select the software to use for the chassis partition:
    If you don't select a chassis partition image, the chassis partition state will be
    Disabled
    , and you will get an error message.
    1. Click
      Bundled
      to install the entire operating system for the chassis partition.
    2. For
      ISO Image
      , select a software image to run on the chassis partition.
  8. Click
    Save
    .
    The changes that you made to the default chassis partition are saved and the chassis partition is set to
    Enabled
    .
    If the chassis partition does not change automatically to the Enabled state, you can manually select
    Enabled
    from the
    Enabled/Disabled
    list.
    It might take a few minutes for the Operational State to update to say
    Running
    .
When the Operational State is
Running
, you can log into the default chassis partition using its management IP address to access the chassis partition webUI and create a VLAN.

Create required VLANs from the chassis partition webUI

You can use the chassis partition webUI to create VLANs. You can also associate physical interfaces or LAGs with VLANs. If you do this, any host that sends traffic to an interface is logically a member of the VLAN or VLANs to which that interface or LAG belongs. You need to create required VLANs before you can deploy a tenant.
  1. From a web browser, log in to the chassis partition using the IP address that you configured and the admin account.
    The Chassis Partition Dashboard displays and shows a graphical system summary view.
  2. On the left, click
    NETWORK SETTINGS
    VLANs
    .
    The screen shows VLANs that are configured for that chassis partition.
  3. Click
    Add
    .
  4. In the
    VLAN ID
    , type a number between 1-4094 for the VLAN.
    The VLAN ID identifies the traffic from hosts in the associated VLAN for an associated interface or LAG.
  5. In the
    Name
    field, type a name for the VLAN.
  6. Click
    Save & Close
    .
A VLAN is created and displayed in the VLAN list. You can create additional VLANs, as required. You can use the VLANs when configuring interfaces and creating LAGs. You can now deploy a tenant using the same chassis partition webUI.

Deploy tenants from the webUI

Before you get started, decide on which slots you want to deploy the tenant. You must also have created a VLAN in the chassis partition.
You can deploy a tenant from within the default chassis partition.
  1. Log in to the VELOS chassis partition webUI using an account with admin access.
  2. On the left, click
    TENANT MANAGEMENT
    Tenant Deployments
    .
    The Tenant Deployment screen displays showing the existing tenant deployments and associated details.
  3. To add a tenant deployment, click
    Add
    .
    The Add Tenant Deployment screen displays.
  4. For
    Name
    , type a name for the tenant deployment (up to 49 characters).
    The first character in the name cannot be a number. After that, only lowercase alphanumeric characters and hyphens are allowed.
  5. For
    Type
    , select the tenant type:
    BIG-IP
    or
    BIG-IP Next
    .
    If you select
    BIG-IP Next
    , the
    Deployment File
    field displays. Select the deployment file.
  6. For
    Image
    , select a software image.
    If no tenant software images are listed, you must import one onto the system. To do this, go to
    SYSTEM SETTINGS
    Software Management
    .
  7. For
    Allowed Slots
    , first select the appropriate option:
    • Partition Member Slots
      lists only slots that the chassis partition includes.
    • Any Slots
      lists any slot on the chassis even if not associated with the chassis partition, and even if no blade is installed in that slot. You have the option of selecting slots 1-8 whether or not they are associated with the chassis partition. This allows you to preconfigure tenant deployments before the hardware is installed and before the chassis partition is configured to include it.
    Then, select the slots (or blades) that you want the tenant to span from the list.
  8. For
    IP Address
    , type the IPv4 address, IPv6 address, or Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) for the tenant.
  9. For
    Prefix Length
    , type a number from 1-32 for the length of the prefix.
  10. For
    Gateway
    , type the IPv4 address or IPv6 address of the gateway.
  11. For
    VLANs
    , select the VLANs that you created.
  12. For
    Resource Provisioning
    , select
    Recommended
    .
    This specifies recommended values for vCPUs and memory for the tenant.
  13. For
    vCPUs Per Slot
    , select the desired number of vCPUs for this tenant, up to the maximum number of vCPUs allowed on your system.
    When you create multiple tenants, each gets dedicated vCPU resources.
  14. For
    Memory Per Slot
    , accept the default values.
  15. For
    Virtual Disk Size
    , select the disk size in gigabytes.
  16. For
    State
    , choose
    Deployed
    .
    This changes the tenant to the Deployed state. The tenant is set up, resources are allocated to the tenant, the image is moved onto the system, the software is installed, and after those tasks are complete, the tenant is fully deployed and running. If you choose this option, it takes a few minutes to complete the deployment and bring up the system.
  17. For
    Crypto/Compression Acceleration
    , select
    Enabled
    .
    When this option is enabled, the tenant receives crypto devices proportional to the number of vCPU cores. Crypto processing and compression are off-loaded to the hardware. This option is not supported on BIG-IP Next tenants.
  18. For
    Appliance Mode
    , accept the default value (
    Disabled
    ).
  19. Click
    Save & Close
    .
The tenant is now configured and in the Deployed state. When the status says Running, the tenant administrator can use the management IP address to connect to the tenant's web-based user interface or connect using SSH to the CLI, and then continue configuring the tenant system.
If the Status says Pending instead of Running, this may mean that not enough resources (vCPUs, memory, or other resources) for the tenant to be deployed. See the Tenant Details screen in the chassis partition webUI for more information about the specific tenant.