Applies To:Show Versions
3-DNS Controller versions 1.x - 4.x
- 3.0 PTF-02, 3.0 PTF-01, 3.0.0
Setting Up the Hardware
Regardless of the configuration you intend to use, you need to completely install the 3-DNS Controller hardware. This chapter reviews the hardware requirements, introduces the hardware, notes the environmental issues, and gives procedures for installing the hardware. It also provides basic information about configuration and management issues for redundant systems, multiple network interfaces, and DNS zone files.
The two basic tasks you must complete to get the 3-DNS Controller installed and set up are as follows:
- Connect the peripheral hardware and connect the 3-DNS Controller to the network.
- Turn the system on and run the First-Time Boot utility.
The First-Time Boot utility is a wizard that helps you configure basic system elements such as administrative passwords, IP addresses, and host names for both the root system and the 3-DNS web server. For more information on configuring your 3-DNS Controller, see Chapter 3, Working with the First-Time Boot Utility .
The 3-DNS Controller comes with the hardware you need for installation and maintenance. However, you must provide standard peripheral hardware, such as a keyboard and monitor or serial terminal.
Hardware provided with the 3-DNS Controller
When you unpack the 3-DNS Controller, make sure the following components are included:
- One power cable
- One PC/AT-to-PS/2 keyboard adapter
- Four rack-mounting screws
- Two keys for the front panel lock
- One extra fan filter
- One 3-DNS Controller Administrator Kit, which includes the 3-DNS Controller Installation Guide, the 3-DNS Controller Administrator Guide, and the 3-DNS Controller Reference Guide.
If you purchase a hardware-based redundant system, you also receive one fail-over cable to connect the two controllers together (network-based redundant systems do not require a fail-over cable).
Peripheral hardware that you provide
For each 3-DNS Controller in the system, you need to provide the following peripheral hardware:
- Standard input/output hardware for direct administrative access to the 3-DNS Controller. Either of the following options is acceptable:
- VGA monitor and PC/AT-compatible keyboard
- Serial terminal and a null modem cable. (See Using a serial terminal with the 3-DNS Controller , for serial terminal configuration information.)
- Network hubs, switches, or concentrators to connect to the 3-DNS Controller network interfaces. The devices you select must be compatible with the network interface cards installed in the 3-DNS Controller. The devices can support 10/100 Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, or FDDI/CDDI (including multiple FDDI and full duplex).
- For Ethernet, you need either a 10Mb/sec or 100 Mb/sec hub or switch.
- For FDDI/CDDI, a concentrator or a switch is optional.
If you plan on doing remote administration from your own PC workstation, as most users do, we recommend that you have your workstation already in place. Keep in mind that the First-Time Boot utility prompts you to enter your workstation's IP address when you set up remote administrative access.
The 3-DNS Controller is offered in two hardware configurations: the 4U hardware configuration, and the 2U hardware configuration. Before you begin to install the 3-DNS Controller, you may want to quickly review the following figures that illustrate the controls and ports on both the front and the back of a 4U 3-DNS Controller and a 2U 3-DNS Controller.
Using the 4U hardware configuration
This section describes the front and back layout of a 4U 3-DNS Controller. If you have a special hardware configuration, such as those that include more than two interface cards, the ports on the back of your unit will differ slightly from those shown below.
Figure 2.1 illustrates the front of a 4U 3-DNS Controller with the access panel open. On the front of the unit, you can turn the unit off and on, and you can reset the unit. You can also view the indicator lights for hard disk access and for the keyboard lock.
|1. Fan filter 2. Keyboard lock 3. Reset button 4. Keyboard lock LED 5. Hard disk drive LED||6. Power LED 7. On/off button 8. 3.5 floppy disk drive 9. CD-ROM drive|
Figure 2.2 illustrates the back of a 4U 3-DNS Controller. Note that all ports are labeled, even those which are not intended to be used with the 3-DNS Controller. Ports marked with an asterisk (*) in the list following the figure are not used by the 3-DNS Controller, and you do not need to connect them to any peripheral hardware.
Using the 2U hardware configuration
This section describes the front and back layout of a 2U 3-DNS Controller. If you have a special hardware configuration, such as those that include more than two interface cards, the ports on the back of your unit will differ slightly from those shown below.
|1. Fan filter 2. Keyboard lock 3. Reset button 4. Keyboard lock LED 5. Hard disk drive LED||6. Power LED 7. On/off button 8. CD-ROM drive|
Figure 2.3 illustrates the front of a 2U 3-DNS Controller with the access panel open. On the front of the unit, you can turn the unit off and on, and you can reset the unit. You can also view the indicator lights for hard disk access and for the keyboard lock.
Figure 2.4 illustrates the back of a 2U 3-DNS Controller. Note that all ports are labeled, even those which are not intended to be used with the 3-DNS Controller. Ports marked with an asterisk (*) in the list following the figure are not used by the 3-DNS Controller, and you do not need to connect them to any peripheral hardware.
|1. Fan 2. Power in 3. Power out 4. Mouse port* 5. Keyboard port 6. Fail-over port 7. Printer port*||8. Serial terminal port 9. Video (VGA) port 10. External interface (exp0) 11. Internal interface (exp1)|
*Not to be connected to any peripheral hardware.
A 3-DNS Controller is an industrial network appliance, designed to be mounted in a standard 19-inch rack. To ensure safe installation and operation of the unit:
- Install the rack according to the manufacturer's instructions, and check the rack for stability before placing equipment in it.
- Build and position the rack so that once you install the 3-DNS Controller, the power supply and the vents on both the front and back of the unit remain unobstructed. The 3-DNS Controller must have adequate ventilation around the unit at all times.
- Do not allow the air temperature in the room to exceed 40° C.
- Do not plug the unit into a branch circuit shared by more electronic equipment than the circuit is designed to manage safely at one time.
- Verify that the voltage selector is set appropriately before connecting the power cable to the unit.
Guidelines for DC-powered equipment
A DC-powered installation must meet the following requirements:
- Install the unit using a 20 Amp external branch circuit protection device.
- For permanently connected equipment, incorporate a readily- accessible disconnect in the fixed wiring.
- Use only copper conductors.
There are six basic steps to installing the hardware. You simply need to install the controller in the rack, connect the peripheral hardware and the external and internal interfaces, and then connect the fail-over and power cables. If you have a unit with three or more network interface cards (NICs), be sure to review step 3.
To install the hardware
- Mount the 3-DNS Controller on the rack and secure it using the four rack-mounting screws that are provided.
- Connect the hardware that you have chosen to use for input/output:
- If you are using a VGA monitor and keyboard, connect the monitor connector cable to the video port (number 10 in the 4U figure, or number 9 in the 2U figure) and connect the keyboard connector cable to the keyboard port (number 5 in the 4U or 2U figure). Note that a PC/AT-to-PS/2 keyboard adapter is included with each 3-DNS Controller (see the component list on page 2-1 ).
- Optionally, if you are using a serial terminal as the console, connect the serial cable to the serial terminal port (number 7 in the 4U figure, or number 8 in the 2U figure). You should not connect a keyboard to the 3-DNS Controller. If there is no keyboard connected to the 3-DNS Controller when it is started or rebooted, the 3-DNS Controller defaults to using the serial port as the console.
- Connect the external interface (number 11 in the 4U figure, or number 10 in the 2U figure) to the network from which the 3-DNS Controller receives connection requests.
If you have purchased a unit with three or more network interface cards (NICs), be sure to note or write down how you connect the cables to the internal and external interfaces. When you run the First-Time Boot utility, it automatically detects the number of interfaces that are installed and prompts you to configure more external interfaces, if you want. It is important to select the correct external interface based on the way you have connected the cables to the back of the unit.
- Connect the internal interface (number 11 in the 4U or 2U figure) to the network that houses the array of servers, routers, or firewalls that the 3-DNS Controller load balances.
- If you have a hardware-based redundant system, connect the fail-over cable to the serial terminal port on each unit (number 7 in the 4U figure, or number 8 in the 2U figure).
- Connect the power cable to the 3-DNS Controller (number 2 in the 4U or 2U figure), and then connect it to the power source.
Warning: Before connecting the power cable to a power supply, customers outside the US should make sure that the voltage selector is set appropriately. This check is necessary only if the controller has an external voltage selector.
Before you start the hardware setup, you may want to review the following items which address configuration and management issues for redundant systems, systems that use more than one network interface, and DNS zone file management.
If you are setting up a stand-alone unit, you need one IP address and host name for each of the interfaces you plan to connect to the network. If you are setting up a redundant system, you need one IP address for each network interface card in each unit, as well as a shared IP alias for the primary network interface, and a shared IP alias for the secondary network interface (if you are connecting the redundant system to more than one network).
Hardware-based fail-over is a redundant system that connects two 3-DNS Controller units directly to each other using a fail-over serial cable. Network-based fail-over is a redundant system where two units are connected to each other either directly using an Ethernet cable, or indirectly via an Ethernet network. Of the two units in a redundant system, one runs as the active unit, managing all DNS resolution requests, and the other runs as the standby unit, waiting to take over in case the active unit fails and reboots. The communication between the units, such as fail-over notification, runs across either the fail-over cable in the hardware-based redundant system, or the network in the network-based redundant system.
When you run the First-Time Boot utility, it prompts you to enter the IP address of the other unit in the system.
The 3-DNS Controller tracks two key aspects of the system to validate system performance. In a redundant system, there are two events that indicate a system failure, and trigger a fail-over.
- If the named daemon becomes unresponsive, or if you manually stop the daemon using the ndc stop or ndc restart commands, the 3-DNS Controller treats this as system failure and initiates a fail-over.
- If the 3-DNS Controller fails to detect any traffic on its network interfaces, it attempts to create traffic to test the integrity of the interface. If the test fails, the 3-DNS Controller treats this as a system failure and initiates a fail-over.
If you include a redundant system in a sync group, you include the system by specifying the system's shared IP alias.
The First-Time Boot utility prompts you to configure the primary network interface, and then asks if you want to configure more interfaces, or if you want to skip to the next section of the utility. If you want to configure another network interface, you simply enter the same type of information you entered for the first interface. The other interfaces can connect to a separate network, or they can act as redundant paths to the same network that the first interface is connected to.
The First-Time Boot utility asks you if you want to use the NameSurfer application as the master for DNS zone files. We recommend that you always run NameSurfer as the master for DNS zone files. When you define or modify wide IPs in the Configuration utility, NameSurfer automatically makes the corresponding changes to the DNS zone files. The NameSurfer application also provides you with easy management of high-level domain zone files unrelated to the wide IP configuration.
If you plan on transferring existing BIND files from a primary DNS server to the 3-DNS Controller, you do not configure NameSurfer when you run the First-Time Boot utility; you configure the application later on in the installation process. For more details about this and other DNS zone file management issues, refer to Chapter 2, Essential Configuration Tasks, in the 3-DNS Controller Administrator Guide.