Manual Chapter : Self IP address properties

Applies To:

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BIG-IP AAM

  • 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP APM

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP Analytics

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP Link Controller

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP LTM

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP PEM

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP AFM

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP DNS

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0

BIG-IP ASM

  • 17.0.0, 16.1.3, 16.1.2, 16.1.1, 16.1.0, 16.0.1, 16.0.0, 15.1.7, 15.1.6, 15.1.5, 15.1.4, 15.1.3, 15.1.2, 15.1.1, 15.1.0, 15.0.1, 15.0.0, 14.1.5, 14.1.4, 14.1.3, 14.1.2, 14.1.0
Manual Chapter

Self IP address properties

It is when you initially run the Setup utility on a BIG-IP® system that you normally create any static and floating self IP addresses and assign them to VLANs. However, if you want to create additional self IP addresses later, you can do so using the BIG-IP Configuration utility.
Only users with either the Administrator or Resource Administrator user role can create and manage self IP addresses.
A self IP address can be in either IPv4 or IPv6 format.

IP address

A self IP address, combined with a netmask, typically represents a range of host IP addresses in a VLAN. If you are assigning a self IP address to a VLAN group, the self IP address represents the range of self IP addresses assigned to the VLANs in that group.

Netmask

When you specify a netmask for a self IP address, the self IP address can represent a range of IP addresses, rather than a single host address. For example, a self IP address of
10.0.0.100
can represent several host IP addresses if you specify a netmask of
255.255.0.0
.

VLAN/Tunnel assignment

You assign a unique self IP address to a specific VLAN or a VLAN group:
Assigning a self IP address to a VLAN
The self IP address that you assign to a VLAN should represent an address space that includes the self IP addresses of the hosts that the VLAN contains. For example, if the address of one destination server in a VLAN is
10.0.0.1
and the address of another server in the VLAN is
10.0.0.2
, you could assign a self IP address of
10.0.0.100
, with a netmask of
255.255.0.0
, to the VLAN.
Assigning a self IP address to a VLAN group
The self IP address that you assign to a VLAN group should represent an address space that includes the self IP addresses of the VLANs that you assigned to the group. For example, if the self IP address of one VLAN in a VLAN group is
10.0.20.100
and the address of the other VLAN in a VLAN group is
10.0.30.100
, you could assign an address of
10.0.0.100
, with a netmask of
255.255.0.0
, to the VLAN group.
The VLAN/Tunnel list in the BIG-IP Configuration utility displays the names of all existing VLANs and VLAN groups.

Port lockdown

Each self IP address has a feature known as port lockdown.
Port lockdown
is a security feature that allows you to specify particular UDP and TCP protocols and services from which the self IP address can accept traffic.
You can determine the supported protocols and services by using the
tmsh
command
tmsh list net self-allow defaults
.
If you do not want to use the default setting (
Allow None
), you can configure port lockdown to allow either all UDP and TCP protocols and services (
Allow All
) or only those that you specify (
Allow Custom
).
High availability-related traffic from configured peer devices in a device group might not be subject to port lockdown settings.

Traffic groups

If you want the self IP address to be a
floating IP address
, that is, an address shared between two or more BIG-IP devices in a device group, you can assign a floating traffic group to the self IP address. A floating traffic group causes the self IP address to become a floating self IP address.
A floating self IP address ensures that application traffic reaches its destination. More specifically, a floating self IP address enables a source node to successfully send a request, and a destination node to successfully send a response, when the relevant BIG-IP device is unavailable.
If you want the self IP address to be a static (non-floating) IP address (used mostly for standalone devices), you can assign a non-floating traffic group to the self IP address. A non-floating traffic group causes the self IP address to become a non-floating self IP address. An example of a non-floating self IP address is the address that you assign to the default VLAN named HA, which is used strictly to process failover communications between BIG-IP devices, instead of processing application traffic.